Libraries Society of
Workshop IX. Building the 21st-Century Library: Space Planning
Tue. April 20
Marla Appelbaum, AIA, architectural consultant
This workshop addressed space planning as an essential component of any successful interior or architectural design project, whether the need is to refurbish a reading room or plan a new building.
Ms. Appelbaum began with a discussion of reasons to build, which include expanded use, insufficient space, building condition, staff availability, greater efficiently, and improved security. She discussed the need for self-analysis, the nature and scope of architectural services, master planning, the need to sell the plan to the constituencies, phases of planning, and programming.
A considerable portion of the workshop was devoted to the importance of programming, defined as an outline for the architect, developed in concert with the client, of the functional requirements of the design, leading to a list of spaces and approximate areas. Ms. Appelbaum discussed why the program is important, what it contains, what it does not contain, and who creates it. She continued with an explanation of the programming process, which includes a summary of space requirements, an adjacency matrix, and room specifications.
After the types of practitioners and consultants who may be involved in the process were reviewed, Ms. Appelbaum explained schematic design, which includes a site plan, floor plans, sections, and elevations. Next reviewed were design development and construction, including security, electrical systems, communications systems, storage, symbols, the construction bid, and the actual construction process.
The presentation concluded with planning for relocation and time management. Two exercises followed: a hypothetical adjacency analysis and inspection of numerous floor plans to uncover space conflicts and other design errors.
The workshop answered the following questions:
▪ Why is an interior or architectural design program important?
▪ How is the library staff involved in the planning and design process?
▪ What kind of information must the library director have in order to make informed decisions?
▪ What is the process of developing a management plan?
▪ Who will be consulted when the designers have questions?
▪ How will internal communication be handled, and who will make decisions?
▪ Should every library construction project have a technical consultant?